Conservation Plans for Endangered Species Facing the Threat of Emerging Diseases and Invasive Species.
Emerging diseases and invasive species are one of the major problems currently faced by conservation plans for endangered species. Recent investigations indicate that both emerging diseases and invasive species are on the rise due to the synergistic effects of climate change and habitat destruction. Their impact on ecosystem services is increasingly recognized as a worldwide threat to natural ecosystems and biodiversity.
Successful management for these two factors is a key aspect for the development and implementation of conservation plans, especially, in aquatic ecosystems. The course will be given by specialists in main emerging diseases and invasive species and will consist on 10-30 min lectures providing examples on how to deal with these two problems. Crucial aspects of biology, epidemiology, early detection, identification of routes of introduction and pathways of dispersal, and development of efficient control measures will be discussed. The lectures will also deal with main pathogens on diverse animal species such as reptiles (e.g., Fusarium spp on sea turtles), amphibians (e.g., Saprolegnia spp), crustaceans (e.g., crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci), bees (e.g., Nosema spp), corals (e.g., Aspergillus sydowii), as well as with main invasive species of the world such as the Asian predatory wasp (Vespa velutina), the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), the red-swamp and signal crayfish (Procambarus clarkii and Pacifastacus leniusculus), and the invasive plants. The titles of the presentations will be: Crayfish and crayfish plague: two invasive species for the price of one; Biological invasions: problems and possible solutions; The invasive species situation in Australia; Zebra mussel: a serious problem for the European aquatic ecosystems; Rainbow trout threatening amphibians species of The Andes; The Asian predatory wasp and the small hive beetle: invasive species in Europe; The invasive plants: problems around the world; Fungi and the problem of emergence in virulence; Fusarium egg-disease: an emerging disease in sea turtles; The fungus Aspergillus sydowii in Corals; The Oomycetes. Who do you think they are?; (The Saprolegnia threat on amphibians; Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia): an obligate intracellular parasite of bees; Evolutionary applications for the identification of disease threats to biodiversity; Emerging diseases and immune system; eDNA-monitoring of the crayfish plague Aphanomyces astaci; Crayfisheries management Finnish style: ignore warnings and implement on personal desires, The decline of the invasive signal crayfish in Scandinavia; (The need of a conservation plan for native crayfish species of far-east Asia; followed by a Round table discussion on how to deal with both emerging and invasive species
WORKSHOP will be held at “Salón de Actos” of the Real Jardín Botánico
Facilitators: Javier Diéguez-Uribeondo and Tadashi Kawaii